Text Box: A practical option for addressing 
the issue of stack gas CO2 conversion:
ThyssenKrupp’s “Carbon2Chem” process
Text Box: Typical  CCUS  Retrofit  Thermal  Plant Elements
Text Box: NETL 2018 Carbon Capture 
Technology Compendium  (46 MB)
Text Box: An essential facility design parameter standard for securing CCUS power plant insurability:
ISO TC265
Text Box: ISO 27919-1 CO2 capture performance evaluation standard  and ISO TC265 CCS, WG1 

Source: The International CCS Knowledge Centre. Reproduced and distributed on an as is basis with the permission of the Knowledge Centre.
Text Box: Power plant stack emission plume
mapping and tracking
Text Box: Long Range Stack Gas Dispersal
Metrication

ISC3 EPA Stack Plume 
Dispersal Modeling

1976 Basic Handbook of 
Plume Monitoring Methods

USAF Base Arnold likewise has empirically-derived modeling tools (including chemical) which indicate where emissions go and what they do. 
Text Box: Revision 1:  Taxpayer Versus Private Funding
Text Box: Proposal
Text Box: .ZIP Enclosures
Text Box: Here are sites where  the “atmospheric greenhouse effect” can be formally proofed in controlled laboratory environments:  

NASA Glenn Research Center

NTS, a private-sector aerospace test firm

Kirtland Air Force Base

Arnold Air Force Base

PLEASE NOTE
This has never been done before:  formally validating, substantiating nor metricating  CO2’s actual influence on the atmosphere & climate of Earth.  The services of a licensed professional chemical engineer with omissions & errors insurance have never been secured to develop an empirical and lab-reproducible model of how carbon dioxide interacts on a molecular level on either a macro– or micro-scale with the components of Earth’s atmosphere. 

For this not to have been done makes both sides of the climate issue look like either supercilious demagogues or for-hire controversialists. 

This all changes in 2020 with the publication of the following MDPI compilation of peer-reviewed research articles under sponsorship of their journal entitled “Atmosphere:”  






Text Box: NETL Carbon Capture Modeling Overview

Optimal Scheduling and Control of CO2 Capture Systems

Process Engineering  Design For CCS/CCUS

GE Gas Turbines for CCS/CCUS

Optimization of CCS/CCUS  Engineering Systems
Text Box: Archive of technical papers for empirically modeling  causality chains, celestial body acoustic resonance and for addressing simultaneity issues in complex  spheroidal surface 4-D fluid flow phenomena, to include weather systems both global and regional .
31 MB .zip file
Text Box: My consultancy’s brochure
Text Box: Representative technical trade journal articles itemizing the benefits of at-source carbon emissions conversion based upon the German “Chempark” system for creating self-financing employment and training “Opportunity Zones”  may be viewed here.
american flag animation

Powerplant Financial Simulation Models

Text Box: IGCC Coal to Electricity
Text Box: Commercial Assessment  of Power Plants
Text Box: Gerdes Final Report NETL
Text Box: CBTL Final Report NETL
Text Box: Coal & NG to  Electricity
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 1.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 2.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 3.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 4.
Text Box: IGCC Fossil Energy to Liquids via F-T  Synth
Text Box: Coal to SNG and Ammonia
Text Box: IGCC Natural Gas to Electricity
Text Box: IGCC Bituminous Coal to Electricity
Text Box: Coal to Syngas & Ammonia Presentation
Text Box: PB Coal and NG to Electricity

Reference Powerplants

Text Box: Dakota Gasification
Text Box: SaskPower Boundary Dam
Text Box: Eastman Chemical
Text Box: Net Power  Allam Cycle Plant Prototype
Text Box: ISAB, Sarlux and ENIPower IGCC’s

Estimating Software

Mechanical Estimating

Training and Certification

CCS/CCUS  Academic Training

Text Box: United States Energy Association provides the following list of academic curriculae to promulgate knowledge respecting technology and procedures associated with CCS/CCUS.    For full details, please click here.
Text Box: Current Price, Carbon Offset:  $0.20/MT  
(courtesy of CTXGlobal.com) 
Text Box: Current Producer Price, 
Commodity Carbon Dioxide:  $355.40/MT

Finance

Marketing

Text Box: GASWORLD MAGAZINE’S
CO2 Zone

Manufacturing Cost Estimation, Scheduling, Tracking

and EPM Systems Software

Text Box: 2019 Outlook of U.S. Power Generation Plant Construction Through 2050 courtesy of EIA
Text Box: Current global listing 
of municipal waste-to-energy power generating facilities
Text Box: This Website provides power plant & CCS/CCUS technical archives available free of charge for downloading as a professional courtesy.   

Click here  for the full archive index. 

Please preface the desired document’s  name with this site’s URL and a forward slash then hit RETURN.
Text Box: All data on this site is available  through Google Scholar,  SciHub (Asia), Drexel University’s online postgraduate library and Monash University’s online postgraduate  library in Australia
Text Box: 站在巨人的肩膀上
Text Box: Global CCS/CCUS Database
From a strictly commercial point of view, carbon dioxide capture  and storage has been ongoing since 1972 with the advent of EOR (enhanced oil recovery).  With the advent of the Wittemann process in 1874 for beverage and chemical applications is when CO2 capture initiated as an independent industry.   The shell-and-tube heat exchanger refrigeration method is and remains the predominant method for capturing carbon dioxide  commercially and requires no rights licensing to design and build such an array using the services of  a registered professional engineer in hydrocarbon engineering. 

It is therefore my formal recommendation for you to identify the CCS/CCUS facility nearest you for technical advice prior to your utility or firm engaging in such activities. There is always room for new carbon dioxide industrial-grade suppliers.

CLICK HERE FOR A COMPREHENSIVE LISTING OF CCS/CCUS FACILITIES.  When the page opens, click on the “Facilities” dropdown menu to view  the “Facilities Report.”
Text Box: PENTAIR’S SUBSIDIARY, UNION ENGINEERING OF DENMARK, HAS DESIGNED AND INSTALLED OVER 900 CO2 CAPTURE UNITS  WORLDWIDE  SINCE 1933 AND ARE PROUD OWNERS OF THE WITTEMANN PROCESS

INTERESTING PROBLEM OF THE DAY

 

You cannot commit 100% of combustion-driven power plant net capacity to electric power generation AND extract 100% of the CO2 from the exhaust stream simultaneously.  This is a universal control problem having to do with an algorithmic conundrum dating back to 19th century Russia known as the Lyapunov  formulae for establishing predictive  systems equilibrium.  The short version? Interrupt the stack gas flow under load by extracting the CO2 and your power plant electrical generating capacity collapses like a castle of cards in a windstorm. “Optimal Scheduling and Control of CO2 Capture Systems” under the ARPA-e listing above addresses this presently unsolved issue.  No one has a universal algorithm for this problem yet.  No one.