Text Box: A practical option for addressing 
the issue of stack gas CO2 conversion:
ThyssenKrupp’s “Carbon2Chem” process
Text Box: Typical  CCUS  Retrofit  Thermal  Plant Elements
Text Box: NETL 2018 Carbon Capture 
Technology Compendium  (46 MB)
Text Box: An essential facility design parameter standard for securing CCUS power plant insurability:
ISO TC265
Text Box: ISO 27919-1 CO2 capture performance evaluation standard  and ISO TC265 CCS, WG1 

Source: The International CCS Knowledge Centre. Reproduced and distributed on an as is basis with the permission of the Knowledge Centre.
Text Box: Power plant stack emission plume
mapping and tracking
Text Box: Long Range Stack Gas Dispersal
Metrication

ISC3 EPA Stack Plume 
Dispersal Modeling

1976 Basic Handbook of 
Plume Monitoring Methods

USAF Base Arnold likewise has empirically-derived modeling tools (including chemical) which indicate where emissions go and what they do. 
Text Box: NETL Carbon Capture Modeling Overview

Optimal Scheduling and Control of CO2 Capture Systems

Process Engineering  Design For CCS/CCUS

GE Gas Turbines for CCS/CCUS

Optimization of CCS/CCUS  Engineering Systems
Text Box: Archive of technical papers for empirically modeling  causality chains, celestial body acoustic resonance and for addressing simultaneity issues in complex  spheroidal surface 4-D fluid flow phenomena, to include weather systems both global and regional .
31 MB .zip file
Text Box: My consultancy’s brochure
Text Box: Representative technical trade journal articles itemizing the benefits of at-source carbon emissions conversion based upon the German “Chempark” system for creating self-financing employment and training “Opportunity Zones”  may be viewed here.
american flag animationText Box: This Website provides power plant & CCS/CCUS technical archives available free of charge for downloading as a professional courtesy.   

Click here  for the full archive index. 

Please preface the desired document’s  name with this site’s URL and a forward slash then hit RETURN.
Text Box: All data on this site is available  through Google Scholar,  SciHub (Asia), and through the online graduate libraries of Drexel University, Monash University of Australia and Aalto University of Finland.  
Text Box: Global CCS/CCUS Database
From a strictly commercial point of view, carbon dioxide capture  and storage has been ongoing since 1972 with the advent of EOR (enhanced oil recovery).  With the advent of the Wittemann process in 1874 for beverage and chemical applications is when CO2 capture initiated as an independent industry.   The shell-and-tube heat exchanger refrigeration method is and remains the predominant method for capturing carbon dioxide  commercially and requires no rights licensing to design and build such an array using the services of  a registered professional engineer in hydrocarbon engineering. 

It is therefore my formal recommendation for you to identify the CCS/CCUS facility nearest you for technical advice prior to your utility or firm engaging in such activities. There is always room for new carbon dioxide industrial-grade suppliers.

CLICK HERE FOR A COMPREHENSIVE LISTING OF CCS/CCUS FACILITIES.  When the page opens, click on the “Facilities” dropdown menu to view  the “Facilities Report.”
Text Box: PENTAIR’S SUBSIDIARY, UNION ENGINEERING OF DENMARK, HAS DESIGNED AND INSTALLED OVER 900 CO2 CAPTURE UNITS  WORLDWIDE  SINCE 1933 AND ARE PROUD OWNERS OF THE WITTEMANN PROCESS
Text Box: GASWORLD MAGAZINE’S
CO2 Zone

Power Plant Marketing Review

CCS/CCUS  Academic Training

Text Box: United States Energy Association provides the following list of academic curriculae to promulgate knowledge respecting technology and procedures associated with CCS/CCUS.    For full details, please click here.

Mechanical Estimating

Training and Certification

Manufacturing Cost Estimation, Process Scheduling, Tracking

and EPM Systems Software

Mechanical Estimating

Software & Consulting

Text Box: Current global listing 
of municipal waste-to-energy power generating facilities
Text Box: Hydropower design and engineering handbook
Courtesy of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

PLUS  
Complimentary textbooks, project development opportunities, and optimum power plant construction funding options (under development) 

Please click here.
Text Box: Please click here to view a postwar-era UK chart which shows the range of  products which were and can be made through MSW-plus-coal gasification.  In conjunction with today’s emissions control technology, this gasification process provides a near-zero carbon output option for dealing with suburban and municipal trash.  The document from whence the above chart derives, the Parsons-Brinckerhoff history of UK coal gasification from the 18th century to the 1960’s, is given here.

Coal provides for a stable burn at a cost 1/3 that of natural gas  with the ash processed for roadbed and other civil engineering applications.  The resultant consistent flow of CO + H2 (syngas) provides for chemical manufacture using processes many of which were developed successfully over a century ago and at a price point which is highly competitive with conventional natural gas & petroleum refinery processes.  

The periodical  “Waste Management World” showcases new arrays being built worldwide to serve as a practical & profit-generating mode for disposal of, amongst other trash, plastic waste.  

At some point in the near future, this technique may be modified to allow of biological pathogen disposal plants and their resultant sludge cost-effectively.  

The zero-emissions option best suited IMO is plasma gasification as pioneered by Plasco Conversion Technologies as shown here.  As ever in the development of Western technologies, it appears that patent rights wars are holding up further development.  As shown, the excess heat from drying & combustion is used to make steam for power generation and for the execution of chemical manufacture.  Coal as ever is the optimum thermal substrate which makes of continuous feed and stable combustion a  practical, “no drama” and cost-effective process. 

There is otherwise no further reason nor excuse for universal humanity, no matter how wealthy or poor, to continue  drinking nor bathing in their own excrement,  thereby perpetuating the recurrence of plagues such as we experience now and which effluvia is presently flavored with scrumptuous pass-through psychomeds and antibiotics.    Bon appétit!

A research grant to the American Water Works Association to craft such a prototype array as described above is the way forward.   

At present in the USA, there are approximately 200 sewage sludge incineration plants neutralizing 14% of total annual sewage volume, 40% of treated sludge is spread on agricultural and silvicultural land as soil reclamation and fertilizer supplements while the balance enters our rivers, lakes and aquifers.   
Text Box: Technical papers on sewage incineration and gasification plus such installations’ environmental compliance standards for construction and operation

Co-Combustion Of Coal And Sewage Sludge

Valorization Of Sewage Sludge Combustion

SEWAGE SLUDGE CHARACTERISTICS AND RECOVERY OPTIONS

Full Federal Register Entry of  Final Rules For Sewage Sludge Incineration Plant Construction, Operation and Training plus Permitting Requirements

“Quick-Study” Briefing Videos on State-of-the-Art Sewage Incineration & Gasification Plants
 
Mitsubishi sewage sludge power plant


Stadt Mannheim’s sewage sludge gasification plant


Zurich’s Outotec sewage sludge incineration plant
Text Box: Biosolids National Convening by
the Water Environment Federation
November 20-21, 2019
Discussion points & agendae:

2019 Backgrounder

2019 Document/Discussion Synthesis 
upon which the 2019 convening was based

These are true plague fighters at war for us.

Another  Option: Electrolyzed Water
Otherwise known as bleach or sodium hypochlorite, this works for the Russian Federation, Japan and the small town in North Dakota which I inhabit.  This is a slightly more expensive option  but it works. Click here for details to contact just one of dozens of reputable bulk suppliers.

Your tapwater filter medium is made from coal.